CLASSICAL POETS

Selected poetry of hundreds of poets

Prominent poet of classical mould from Nengal, known for his 'Tazkira 'Sukhan-e-Shoara'.

1833 -1889 West Bengal

An important classical poet and a disciple of Abru

One of the founding fathers of Urdu poetry, contemporary of Meer Taqi meer.

1685 -1733 Delhi

A poet of classical temper from Hyderabad, known for his Rubais

Mughal emperor, who introduced Urdu poetry in the Red Fort and his court.

1728 -1806 Delhi

Prominent Lucknow poet who was very close to the royal family. Moved to Kolkota and stayed with Hamid Ali Kaukab, the Crown prince of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah in exile.

1812 -1887

Prominent and technically proficient poet from Hyderabad, Deccan; wrote poetry in difficult metres, also known for his Rubais

1914

One of the most vocal critics of Ghalib's poetic style.

1779 -1879 Delhi

Famous for his musical play 'Inder Sabha', contemporary of the last Nawab of Avadh, wajid Ali Shah.

1815 -1858 Lucknow

First Poet of Rekhta/Hindvi. Musician and Disciple of Sufi Saint Hazrat Nizamuddin Aulia. Known for his "pahelis", which form part of Indian folklore. He is famous for inventing two most important musical instruments tabla & sitar. Wrote "Ze-hal-e-miskin…" one of the earliest prototypes of Urdu ghazal written in Persian & Hindvi.

1253 -1325 Delhi

Eminent Urdu Poet and contemporary of Dagh Dehlvi. Famous for penning ghazal "Sarakti jaye hai rukh se naqaab aahista aahista".

1829 -1900 Hyderabad

Prominent later classical poet and disciple of Zauq & Ghalib who had written many oft quoted shers.

1847 -1885 Delhi

One of the prominent 18th Century poets / Contemporary to Mir Taqi Mir

1725/6 -1772 Delhi

Last Mughal Emperor and contemporary of Ghalib and Zauq.

1775 -1862 Delhi

Parsi religious scholar who deeply absorbed Urdu literary traditions and wrote poetry in Urdu and Persian

A poet-mentor, favourite disciple of Mirza Ghalib

1820 -1890 Delhi
1745 -1805 India

A later descendant of Delhi’s poetry tradition, known for his play 'Krishna Avataar'

1884 -1936

Prominent literary figure known for his monumental book on Delhi's history

Leading classical Urdu poet. Contemporary of Mir Taqi Mir.

1727 -1798 Delhi

Prominent 19th century poet, disciple of Maulana Altaf Hussain Hali and Daagh Dehelvi, served as a magistr

1857 -1912

One of the most powerful campaigners of Hindi revivalism who wrote Urdu ghazals in classical style.

1850 -1885 Banaras

European poet of the classical period whose father adopted the Indian way of life. Published a divan containing ghazls and poems in other poetical genres

Last of classical poets who celebrated life and love. Famous for his playfulness of words (idioms/ phrases).

1831 -1905 Delhi

One of the most prominent Urdu poets of pre-Mir era, who laid the foundation of Urdu poetry

1690 -1737 Delhi

Prominent Sufi poet for whom Mirza Ghalib had great devotion

1753 -1851

Prominent desciple of Nasikh who served in the armies of Maratha ruler Yashwant Rao Holkar at Indore and Ghaziuddin Haider, Nawab of Awadh

1784 -1850 Lucknow

Contemporary of Mirza Ghalib, Aatish was one of the shining stars of 19th century Urdu Ghazal.

1778 -1847 Lucknow

Barrister-at-law practising at Hyderabad, desciple of Jalil Manikpuri. Wrote many Thumris.

Prominent Contemporary of Mir Taqi Mir who had written a Masnavi called 'Khwab e Hasrat'.

1727 -1795 Patna

Prominent Contemporary poet and a friend of Mirza Ghalib. He was also a High Court lawyer who also served as Honorary Magistrate at Agra

1815 -1879

One of the most prominent and trend-setter classical poets from Lucknow. Contemporary of Mirza Ghalib.

1772 -1838 Lucknow

Known as a rival to Mir Taqi Mir. His father killed him for unknown reasons.

1727 -1755 Delhi

One of most firebrand poets of Lucknow. Contemporary of Meer Taqi Meer. His rivalry with Mushafi is well-recorded. He had also written rekhta poetry and 'Raani Ketki ki kahani" in prose.

1752 -1817 Delhi
1844 -1917 Meerut

Prominent contemporary of Mir Taqi Mir. Known for depiction of physicality in his romantic poetry

1734 -1792 Lucknow

Known for depicting romantic encounters with the beloved in lurid details. Lost his eye sight in the prime of youth

1748 -1809 Lucknow

Most prominent linguist and lexicologist, mentor of Mir and Mir Dard

1679 -1756 Delhi

Sufi poet, contemporary of Mir Taqi Mir, known for his deep knowledge of Indian music.

1721 -1785 Delhi