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mil ke hotī thī kabhī eid bhī dīvālī bhī

ab ye hālat hai ki Dar Dar ke gale milte haiñ

mil ke hoti thi kabhi eid bhi diwali bhi

ab ye haalat hai ki Dar Dar ke gale milte hain

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ai havā use eid-mubārak kahiyo

aur kahiyo ki koī yaad kiyā kartā hai

ai hawa tu hi use eid-mubarak kahiyo

aur kahiyo ki koi yaad kiya karta hai

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kahte haiñ eid hai aaj apnī bhī eid hotī

ham ko agar mayassar jānāñ diid hotī

kahte hain eid hai aaj apni bhi eid hoti

hum ko agar mayassar jaanan ki did hoti

Ghulam Bhik Nairang

eid aa.ī tum na aa.e kyā mazā hai eid

eid to naam hai ik dūsre diid

eid aai tum na aae kya maza hai eid ka

eid hi to nam hai ek dusre ki did ka

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eid din hai so kamre meñ paḌā huuñ 'aslam'

apne darvāze ko bāhar se muqaffal kar ke

eid ka din hai so kamre mein paDa hun 'aslam'

apne darwaze ko bahar se muqaffal kar ke

Aslam Kolsarii


  • ज़ोहरा
  • زہرہ



paanī hove aarsī us mukh ko dekh

zohra use kyā ki iqāmat kare

pani howe aarsi us mukh ko dekh

zohra use kya ki iqamat kare


Quiz A collection of interesting questions related to Urdu poetry, prose and literary history. Play Rekhta Quiz and check your knowledge about Urdu!

Which tense is indicated in the sentence " Tum Hamre Kisi Tarha na Hue"?
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The word Eid means the day of happiness that returns again and again. Eid-ul-Fitr, an important Islamic festival, is often referred to as “MiThi Eid” in India. This festival is celebrated all over the world on the first day of the Islamic month of Shawwal after the fasting of Ramazan. On this day Muslims also give away ‘Fitrah’ or alms to the poor, and that’s why the occasion is called Eid-ul-Fitr.
In Urdu poetry, there is such an abundance of couplets that center around “Eid ka Chand dikhna” and “Eid Ke Din Gale Milna” that an entire book could be compiled around them.
Eid Ka Chand tum ne dekh liyaa
Chand Ki Eid ho gayi hogii
“Eid Ka Chand Hona” is a proverb quite common in everyday parlance that means to meet after a long time.
Wonder what “Eidi” is all about? Well, the bounties or gifts offered by the elders of the house or relatives to children are known as Eidi. Additionally, a Nazm or couplet that Ustads wrote on fancy-pages and presented to their students just a day before Eid as greetings of this auspicious event in exchange of a tutelage was also known as Eidi. Moreover, the fancy-pages upon which these verses were written were called Eidi as well. Also, fruits, sweets, and cash offerings that are exchanged among in-laws are known as Eidi, too.



Kaifi Azmi (1918-2002) devoted his entire life to the cause of humanity and working for rights of the poor, and his poetry, too, is a reflection of the same. Even towards the end of his life, after he had suffered a paralytic attack, this passion of his became the impetus to the development of his ancestral village Majwan, Azamgarh. For a few years, he even lived there with his wife, theater and film actress, Shaukat Kaifi, although at this point in his life, he had every comfort in Bombay. Battling many obstacles and oppositions, and dealing with several government officials, Kaifi transformed the state of this small, backward village. Due to the efforts of Kaifi Azmi, the village now has roadways, electricity, a humble six-bed hospital, a school and a post office. His daughter Shabana Azmi, who was a Member of Parliament at the time, started a train between Delhi and Azamgarh which was named "Kaifiyat". Shaukat Kaifi, in her autobiography "Yad Ki Rah-Guzar", has given a fascinating account of Kaifi Azmi’s stay in Majwan and his efforts to develop the village.



Prof. Shamim Hanafi (1939-2021) was a world-famous scholar, critic, playwright, poet, fictionist, and Professor Emeritus at Jamia Milia Islamia. But did you know that he was also an accomplished columnist? His columns continued to publish in various newspapers of the country. The popularity of these columns was such that the day his column was published, not a single copy of that newspaper remained in stock. His column-writing began in 1963 and continued for almost fifty years. Shamim Sahib never made column writing a profession. With respect to their subject, these columns were political and literary. He was of the opinion that these columns were pieces of his social concerns. But these were literary works that were very close to his literary criticism. A book titled “Ye Kis Ka Khwab Tamasha Hai” was published which contained 98 columns written by him. In 1965, Shamim Sahib had even started a children's newspaper in Hindi with his friends during his early lectureship days in Indore. Besides playwrighting, he has also written many interesting books for children.



Pandit Anand Mohan Zutshi Gulzar Dehlavi (1926-2020), a mellifluous Urdu poet, a paragon of the Ganga-Jamni Tahzeeb, and a freedom fighter, used to observe one fast every year in the month of Ramadan which he himself called “Roza-e-Rawaa-Daarii”, or fasting in good-faith. Usually, he would observe this fast on the “Jumu’atul-Wida”, that is the last Friday of the month of Ramadan. His friends used to make donations and arrange a wonderful Iftar feast. Invitations were sent by post. On this occasion, important personalities of various religions and sects would unhesitatingly gather. He says:
Dars-e-Urdu Zabaan detaa huu.n
Ahl-e-Iman pe jaan detaa huu.n
Main Ajab Huu.n Imaam Urdu Kaa
But-Kade mein Azaan detaa huu.n
In addition to poetry, he was for years the editor of the first Urdu science magazine, “Science Ki Duniya”, which was started by the Government of India in 1975.



Akhtar Shirani, also known Shair-e-Ruuman, was the first to name his beloved(s) in Urdu poetry. Salma, Rehana, and Azra are incarnate characters of love and affection in his poetry. He himself confessed to a friend that Salma was not his beloved’s real name but a pseudonym and that other female names, too, followed the suit.
yahii vaadii hai vo hamdam jahaa.n 'rehaana' rahtii thii
yahii.n bastii thii ai hamdam mire ruumaan kii bastii
He was also the first to write Sonnet in Urdu. But his fame as a romantic poet overshadowed his fiction-writing and translation works. Akhtar Shirani died at the age of 43 due to excessive drinking. In his brief lifespan (1905-1948), he so profusely wrote both prose and poetry, that very few people ever did. He translated the famous Turkish playwright Sami Bay's play "Kave" as "Zahak" in Urdu.
‘Aaina-Khaane Mein’, is a collection of his five short-stories. It is said that they were all written in one night. These stories are in the form of the biographies of film actresses illustrating the exploitation of women. He also wrote columns for many newspapers and magazines under the pseudonyms of Lord Byron of Rajasthan, Ibn-e-Batuta, Balam, Rajkumari, Bakavali, Akkas, etc.



One of the prominent women poets in Pakistan.

chhalak rahī hai mai-e-nāb tishnagī ke liye

sañvar rahī hai tirī bazm barhamī ke liye

chhalak rahi hai mai-e-nab tishnagi ke liye

sanwar rahi hai teri bazm barhami ke liye

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